Tips for a Good Research Paper

Writing is an art everyone can master. In order to be a great writer, you require sharp skills and the desire to stand out! Research papers are quite different from conventional documents. Normal lab reports and books are not examples of research papers. This is why you should be very careful with the kind of research paper writing you do! Unlike conventional forms of writing, few interesting strategies should be carried out for a successful research paper. The next few lines will help you write a clean research paper that is both creative and clear!

First of all, you should understand that the research paper should teach you many interesting facts. The write up is all about learning how you can teach yourself. As you leave college or school, you will learn about various complexities in life. The world outside is completely different from what you can imagine. A planned research paper will help you understand these factors. There is no better way to teach yourself than by writing research papers. Through the process you will ask many important questions, find impressive answers and identify ways of defending others. These are skills a good research write-up can bless you with.

Background Study!
To score more and to create an edgy research paper, you should speak, think hard and does ample background study. These are three important stages of any research! Don’t stop yourself from exploring. Read intuitive documents and secondary literature documents that have come from several generations of writers. It is simply wonderful to learn from different sources. Nothing can stand next to unique ideas from different minds. This is what every research paper should have.

Ask Questions
Every research paper revolves around a discreet question. Try to start your search for information with questions like how, why, what and when. Think of the question as a puzzle that no one has solved. Conceptions change and theories of electoral entities differ. As potential researchers you should keep all this in mind and push a clear answer. Who knows, your research paper might be what the world is waiting for! Never think of novelty as a parameter; instead, go with your thoughts and novelty would seep in with time.

Do Research
When you write a research paper, try to do some serious research. There is nothing as futile as a research paper that doesn’t have adequate amounts of research. If your paper is about Western Europe, explore through everything from communism, differences and conceptions. Always remember that there is no definite end to research.

Write Well
Making an argument in research papers is an art. Regardless of whether it is an undergrad paper or a post-grad document, make an argument with amazing points. These points should reflect your wisdom. Last but certainly not least, write a good research paper. Your arguments should be creative, clear and logical. Don’t use inappropriate words or fancy phrases. Always remember that it is your research paper.

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28 DevOps and Continuous Delivery Reference Architectures

People want to get going with DevOps or Continuous Delivery, but need a place to start.  Others are already on their way, but need some validation of their choices.  A few months ago, I published the first volume of DevOps and Continuous Delivery reference architectures which has now been viewed over 50,000 times on SlideShare (it’s free to download…no registration required).  Three things helped people in the deck: (1) the reference architectures, (2) links to the sources for each architecture attached to each slide, and (3) no marketing fluff.

Here is Volume 1:


To continue to help people on their DevOps and Continuous Delivery journeys, I've now compiled Volume 2 of the reference architectures.   You can view the deck on SlideShare, download it (again…no registration required), and share it with others.  Have a look and let me know what you think. 


Here is Volume 2: 


Earlier this fall, I moderated a discussion with Dave Farley, co-author of seminal book Continuous Delivery, and Curtis Yanko and Brian Dawson.  All three shared their views as experienced practitioners on why these reference architectures are resonating with the CD / DevOps community. Check it out when you get a minute:


As I did with Volume 1, if you have a reference architecture that you would like to share, I would be happy to add it into Volume 2 with full attribution to you.  We have added 14 with the support of the DevOps community.  Just ping me in the comments section or reach out to me @weekstweets.

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Significant SQLite Files For Digital Forensics Exploration!

This article discusses about significant files of SQLite applications embedded in various other applications. It gives an idea of various methods and technologies used for investigation of SQLite databases.
SQLite application is used widely in various applications as an embedded program for managing the cache data or other information in SQLite databases. Many applications and various Operating Systems like Windows, Android, Blackberry, Mac, etc. use SQLite application to store the data. SQLite application is used as a backend embedded application. Applications like Web Browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, etc.), Skype, WhatsApp, etc. use SQLite applications and create databases for storing data. These databases are important and crucial from forensics point of view and hence many investigators consider them as pivotal source of evidence. Let us see what are the important files and challenges met while performing SQLite database forensics.

Significant SQLite Files for Investigation

SQLite File: SQLite application is an open-source, server-less and lightweight file which stores the details of that application. This database file cannot be read using common text processing tools, and needs advance applications using which the file can be read. It can be opened using the SQLite supporting applications and various file types like; .db, .sqlite, etc. A database can have multiple pages and hence it can be a large database with several pages to perform investigation on. This page will comprise of the header portion of 100 bytes, which is stored in the initial page of the main database. Rest of the page has B-tree table for storing the entries of the pages.

Roll Back Journals: SQLite generates rollback journals where it stores the changes done in the database as rollback journal file. Once the data is stored to these journal files, and database file is processed and after this, database is updated with this new data from journals. In other words, every transaction is saved to the journal file and then to the main database. Transaction is updated and then the file can be removed or deleted. The same procedure was enhanced by adapting new technique of WAL files i.e. Write-ahead log file.

Write-ahead Logs: Roll back journals and WAL (Write-ahead log files) can be a prime source for investigation of transactions, which were not completed. In case of unavailability of main database, these journals or files can provide crucial information for investigation. Many uncommitted records can be checked here for forensic examination.

How to Perform Analysis On SQLite Files?

SQLite files can be examined through various applications. It can be viewed using the open source SQLite browser or any other application like Mozilla Firefox add-in. However, these applications only support healthy files and will not let you view the data of the journal files. It also does not support recovery of deleted items, which can be very crucial for SQLite investigation. In such situations, investigators can take help of third party utility like SQLite Forensics Explorer. This application is an advanced utility which support all file formats of SQLite application including; .db, .sqlite, etc. It also supports recovery of permanently deleted data from the SQLite databases. It is an intellectual toolkit providing a perfect platform for the SQLite database investigation.

About Company: This Company is established with development of software solutions for various types of digital investigations. Sqlite Forensics Explorer is a unified platform for the examination of various types of SQLite database files.
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OST Viewer Solves the Issue of Viewing Corrupted Files

Summary: The article discusses about how are the offline files created in Outlook, causes of inaccessibility etc. However, keeps the focus on describing proficient tool for viewing OST files even if the file is infected.

Outlook has gained the recognition of almost all the business organizations. With the emergence of Outlook by Microsoft, issues related with the storage of personal info of the employee as well as emailing got cleared. The remarkable side of Outlook is its ability to function with Exchange Server.
Outlook when configured with Exchange Server in ‘Cached Enhanced Mode’, all the mails of the Exchange Server mailboxes gets stored in Outlook with .ost file extension. These offline files enable the users working with Exchange to work with their mails even when there is no network connection. Offline Storage Table records all the mails of mailboxes; they are the exact copies of Server mailboxes. Another point to be noted is, the file get created only when Exchange is offline and hence the name ‘offline files’. All the works done on the mails during the offline will get synchronized with Exchange mailboxes once when it is connected back.
However, sometimes opening OST becomes tedious and you may receive some error messages like; ‘file xxxx.ost is not an offline folder file’, ‘unable to expand the folder’ etc. The reason for these errors may vary and can be of one to more. Some of the reasons are discussed in this article.

What Makes OST File Inaccessible?
Similar to other files, OST file can also get corrupted or damaged. The main reason to lose the accessibility can be the improper synchronization of Outlook with Exchange Server. If there happens to be any connection problem then, synchronization may get affected, leading to the inaccessibility of file. Other reasons for the corruption are listed below;
  • Virus attack
  • Abrupt shutdown of the system
  • Improper closing of Outlook
  • Power failure
  • Malware infection
These reasons end up in corruption of OST file. For viewing the OST file content, users can rely on scanost.exe utility. The utility restores the file from damage but, if the corruption tends to be severe then, it will not stay in the hands of the utility. Moreover, you may not find the utility in all versions of Outlook.
Consider the scenario;
“You have an OST file which is severely corrupted and Outlook is not installed in your system. From the file, you want to collect some important data and you are not even aware of the version.”
In such situation, it is better to rely on third party tool. OST Viewer software can resolve your problem.

OST Viewer Tool
OST Viewer is an advanced freeware tool that helps you to view the contents of the OLM file without the configuration of Outlook in the system. The advanced scan algorithm implemented in the software allows the user to view the OST file which is corrupted or damaged without any change to the data. All the mails, contacts, calendars etc. can be viewed and it also restores the items which are gone deleted. The tool provides a clear view of all the contents either in horizontal or vertical. Most of the investigators rely on this tool since it saves time and effort. Moreover, agent doesn’t want to configure Outlook unnecessarily in their systems only for viewing OST file.  

About Company: The Company always keeps the demand of market up to the grade. It has software solutions for wide range of domains. The list includes data recovery, forensics, backup etc. and software ranges from freeware to purchase. One of the freeware solutions is OST Viewer, which helps to view OST mails without Outlook support.  

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How to specify whether or not Adobe Acrobat to take ownership of the default PDF file extension when Adobe Reader is already present

We can use properties to set Adobe Acrobat not to take ownership of the default PDF file extension, by leaving Adobe Reader as the default PDF reader.

For version 10.0 & higher use the property LEAVE_PDFOWNERSHIP=YES

YES - prevents the new installation from taking over PDF ownership. 
NO - allows the new install to own opening PDFs. 

For version 11.0 & higher use the property OWNERSHIP_STATE=0.

0: Do not take ownership.
1: Take ownership for the current user. 
2: Take ownership for all existing and new users.
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